Do you practice freewriting in your homeschool? Did you know freewriting helps students become better at brainstorming for writing ideas?
Although it’s one of the most necessary and helpful steps of the writing process, brainstorming can stump a struggling writer—even if they’re using a worksheet, graphic organizer, or parent prompting.
You: What comes to mind when you think of the beach?
Child: Sand and water.
You: Great! What else?
Child: That’s all I can think of.
And that’s on a good day!
Prime the Pump
“I had learned already never to empty the well of my writing, but always to stop when there was still something there in the deep part of the well, and let it refill at night from the springs that fed it.” – Ernest Hemingway
When students have a deep “well” of words and ideas from which to draw, their compositions become more vivid and concrete. That’s why WriteShop repeatedly emphasizes the need for adequate brainstorming as a routine part of the writing process. But if their well is dry and they can’t come up with enough words or ideas, their compositions will fall flat.
To keep ideas fresh and flowing, students need to prime their writing pumps on a regular basis. When you have them practice freewriting regularly—especially when there’s no added pressure to write a composition—they’ll find they can think of words more quickly and abundantly.
A freewriting exercise like the Writing Well is a perfect training tool!
The Writing Well
“The Writing Well” is a freewriting tool designed to stimulate vocabulary, ideas, and impressions on a particular topic. It makes a good prewriting activity, but it’s really brainstorming practice in disguise!
Kept in a small notebook, these brainstorming results can also become a “seed book”—a resource, word bank, or collection of ideas—when writing future compositions.
- You will find it helpful to keep your “Writing Well” in a spiral notebook for easy reference.
- Use a separate page for each topic. You may use both front and back if you wish.
- Before beginning, choose a topic and write it at the top of the page. Then practice freewriting by setting the timer and writing for five full minutes.
- The purpose of this exercise is to write down all the words, phrases, or sentences that come to mind about your chosen topic within the five minutes allotted.
If you get stuck, try some of these ideas.
- Picture the topic in your mind. Use your five senses—sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell—to describe details.
- Ask yourself questions about the subject matter—who? what? when? where? why? how?
- Use a photograph or magazine picture to jog your thoughts.
At first this activity may seem difficult. You may wonder: How can I write about one thing for five whole minutes? Relax! Over time, you’ll find that it becomes more natural to transfer ideas from your head to the paper.
Some of these exercises will lend themselves to becoming compositions. Put a colorful star at the top of the page if you might like to develop this into a paragraph or story in the future.
In the beginning, your child may have trouble writing for five full minutes. Perhaps you could set the timer for three minutes, then increase it to four, and finally to five over the course of several weeks.
If your kids brainstorm very generally about a topic, you might suggest next time that they narrow their topic even further. For example, if they write on the topic of animals, they’ll probably include a list of many kinds of animals. Next time, have them select just one of those animals (such as dogs, monkeys, or whales) and make a “Writing Well” for that subtopic, including as many details as possible.
Should they repeatedly make lists of words only, challenge them to begin writing descriptive phrases, too. Sometimes these will be factual and sometimes experiential. For example:
If they’re writing about “red,” words and phrases might include:
- stop signs
- making Valentines for my family
- embers glowing in the fireplace
- fire engines
- Dorothy’s ruby slippers
- the crimson sunset on our vacation in California
If they’re writing about Grandma, phrases might include:
- baking chocolate cookies together
- lives in an apartment in Miami
- smells sweet like roses
- takes a ceramics class in her clubhouse
- silver hair
- favorite color is pink
The random list of “red” words and phrases probably won’t ever be developed into a paragraph. On the other hand, the “Grandma” list definitely has potential to become a great descriptive composition at some point. Either way, their brainstorming skills will improve every time they practice freewriting.
Writing Well Topics
Are you ready? Dip your ladle deep into the Writing Well and pull up a full, soaking drink of words and ideas. Then spill them over a fresh page—and let the writing begin. Here are some topics to get you started!
- a famous place I would like to visit
- my dream car
- animals (farm animals, jungle creatures, pets, birds, insects)
- my childhood toys
- the beach
- sounds that make me happy (nervous, afraid)
- favorite meal
- my grandpa (or other family member)
- our pantry
- things I like about myself
- the color blue (orange, yellow, gray, green)
- things that make me feel cozy
- new uses for duct tape
- If cars could fly…
- If I had to live underwater...
. . . . .
“The Writing Well” is one of the supplemental writing activities tucked into the appendix of the Teacher’s Manual for WriteShop I and II.